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Visakhapatnam, also known as ‘Vizag’ is one of the most commercialized cities in the state of Andhra Pradesh along with being credited the most beautiful tourist destination in the state. Based out of Coastal Andhra, Vizag lies between 17o - 15' and 18o-32' Northern latitude and 18o - 54' and 83o - 30' in Eastern longitude. Sharing the boundaries partly on the north with the State of Orissa and Vizianagaram District, East Godavari District on the south, the State of Orissa on the west and with Bay of Bengal on the East.
Topography of Visakhapatnam
With two major strips of land, the exteriors being the Plains Division consisting the strip of land through the coast line and with the interiors and hills of Eastern Ghats surrounding it on the North and West called the Agency Division. With occupying an area of approximately 11,161 square Km’s, Vizag is termed as the largest city in Coastal Andhra and the second largest in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Blocking topping with 1615 meters, Sankaram Forest embraces the Mandals of Paderu, Pedabayalu, Dumbriguda, Munchingput, Ananthagiri, Chinthapalli, G. Madugula, G.K. Veedhi, and Koyyuru, Hukumpeta, Araku Valley and Chinthapalli taluks completely.
Climate in Visakhapatnam
With different climatic conditions in different parts of the city however being constant in the same respective parts throughout the year, Vizag is one of the most tropical cities in the country. The air is moist and relaxing near the coast, but gets warmer towards the interior and cools down in the hilly areas on account of elevation and vegetation. Typically, April to June are the hottest months. With temperature (at Visakhapatnam Airport) getting down with the onset of South West Monsoon and tumbles to a mean minimum of 21.0 Degrees Celsius by December after which the temperature reaches a maximum of 32.6o C by the end of May during 2006-2007.
Demographics of Visakhapatnam
Being a thoroughly cosmopolitan city, there is a mix of people after the advent of various employment options including public, government and private sector jobs. The population of Vizag as of 2013 is noted as 2,190,000 and a ratio with a sex ratio of 977 females per 1000 males. Visakhapatnam District as whole has a population census of 4,288,113 as of 2013. The primary native language in the city is Telugu however with various other languages like Tamil, Malayalam, Hindi, Punjabi, Oriya and Bengali as well at various parts of the city.
Soil & Rainfall of Visakhapatnam
Receiving a rainfall of 1202 mm on an average, the south-west monsoon accounts for 72% and the north-east monsoon contributes 13.9%. Villages of the district are covered by close to 70% of red loamy soil being poor textured and easily drained. 45% of the soils are low in organic content and high in phosphorous content being close to 55%.
Visakhapatnam, a city as per legends being named on the Hindu Deity Visakha as the Andhra King was truly mesmerized by her ethereal form, face and skin is one of the most outspoken city in terms of its geography, its cultures, rituals and history. No wonder, it is known as the “Jewel of East Coast”.